注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

阿猪的生活

zhua样生活,因我精彩!养个blog记录生活点滴也不错……

 
 
 

日志

 
 

Torvalds critical of new GPL draft

2006-08-02 18:33:12|  分类: Open Source |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
The second draft of a revised General Public License has been released, but
 Linus Torvalds--founder and leader of the best-known software project governed
 by the GPL--remains unconvinced of its merits.

Torvalds' concern is with the clause in the GPLv3 second draft regarding
digital rights management (DRM) technology, which puts controls on how computers
 can run software or supply content such as movies or music.

Whereas the GPL version 2 was a basic "quid pro quo" arrangement that required
 anyone modifying source code to make the changes public, the draft of GPLv3
 extends much further, Torvalds argued. GPL is a widely used license that
 governs the use of open-source software.

GPLv3 "basically says, 'We don't want access just to your software modifications
. We want access to your hardware, too,'" Torvalds said. "I don't think it
's my place as a software developer to judge how hardware works around it
."But the Free Software Foundation argues that it's modernizing the license
, not changing its spirit. It's seeking to prevent hardware makers from using
 DRM as a technological end-run around the license's legal requirements for
 programmer freedoms. "If you're keeping the right to modify and not conveying
 that right to modify, you're violating the license," said Eben Moglen, the
 foundation's top lawyer, in an earlier interview.

Torvalds sees it differently.

"Say I'm a hardware manufacturer. I decide I love some particular piece of
 open-source software, but when I sell my hardware, I want to make sure it
 runs only one particular version of that software, because that's what I
've validated. So I make my hardware check the cryptographic signature of
 the binary before I run it," Torvalds said. "The GPLv3 doesn't seem to allow
 that, and in fact, most of the GPLv3 changes seem to be explicitly designed
 exactly to not allow the above kind of use, which I don't think it has any
 business doing."

TiVo, which uses Linux in its personal video recorders but requires a signed
 version and prohibits modifications, is an example of a company affected
 by the DRM provision.
Linux, however, is not likely to be affected by the changes in GPLv3. Torvalds
 explicitly chose to license the operating system kernel under version 2-
-not version 2 or later as the Free Software Foundation suggests. "In a very
 real sense, the Linux kernel is perhaps the least relevant of all the projects
 that use the GPL when it comes to the new version," Torvalds said.

But as the highly visible leader of a major open-source project, Torvalds
' opinion is not insignificant.

And he didn't have flattering things to say about the foundation's process
 for revising the license.

"The FSF doesn't even seem interested in any feedback," Torvalds said. "They
 set up several 'committees' to get comments from various industry players
, and everything I've heard about the process is that they then ignored them
 all and did what they wanted anyway."

The foundation wasn't immediately available for comment.

One major company still isn't satisfied. Hewlett-Packard, which sells Linux
 servers and is involved in the GPLv3 revision process, wants changes to
how GPLv3 treats patents.
                                                                              
"HP had hoped that the second draft would clarify the patent provision...
to ease concern that mere distribution of a single copy of GPL-licensed software
 might have significant adverse intellectual property impact on a company
," said Christine Martino, vice president of HP's Open Source and Linux
Organization
, in a statement. "Unfortunately, the concern lingers in draft 2."

Martino said the DRM section is better, however. "Although our analysis of
 the implications is not yet complete, HP is pleased to see that much of
the confusion about the DRM aspects should be eliminated by the clarifications
 in draft 2."





  评论这张
 
阅读(139)| 评论(1)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017